Friday, December 2, 2011

Birth Tourism from China to HK

This is a similar situation, Birth Tourism in the U.S. which becomes a huge social problem in Hong Kong. Even though Hong Kong is ruled under the People's Republic of China (PRC) but Hong Kong is run under the principle of one country with two systems, where Hong Kong implements different political system from the Mainland China. In accordance with the Sino-British Joint Declaration, and the underlying principle of one country, two systems, Hong Kong has a "high degree of autonomy as a special administrative region in all areas except defence and foreign affairs." The declaration stipulates that the region maintain its capitalist economic system and guarantees the rights and freedoms of its people for at least 50 years beyond the 1997 handover.  

Although Hong Kong is under the ruling of the Mainland China, the Chinese Government has tighten its control of the huge migration from the Mainland China to Hong Kong. The Mainland Chinese must carry the travel documents (visa) or stay permit in order to visit or stay in Hong Kong. Since Hong Kong doesn't practice one child policy, unlike in the Mainland China. Many wealthy Chinese parents are willing to pay up to US$14,000 per child, in order to deliver and get the ID cards for their babies in Hong Kong. Those Mainland Chinese families who can't afford the hefty fees, they will sneak and deliver illegally in Hong Kong. All these Mainland Chinese parents want to give the best education and benefits to their children when they attend elementary (primary) schools in Hong Kong or in the USA. Unfortunately, their motive develops a huge social and economic problem to Hong Kongese who contribute taxes to the Hong Kong Government but they enjoy too limited resources (in terms of medical and education benefits) since after the 1997 handover.


Hong Kong women protest against mainland mothers

Pregnant women and mothers pushing strollers were among more than 1,500 protesters who took to the streets in Hong Kong Sunday to oppose the growing number of mainland Chinese giving birth in the city.
Women from mainland China are keen to have babies in Hong Kong -- which has had semi-autonomous status since it ceased to be a British colony in 1997 -- because it entitles their child to rights of abode and education.
"We have to compete with the mainlanders for bedspace in hospitals, for prenatal care services, postnatal care, the education of our children... everything," said 30-year-old expectant mother Joyce Wong, who took part in the march to government headquarters.
Jenny Yeung, a 41-year-old paediatric nurse accused the city's government of being "incompetent" and said it "should prioritize Hong Kong people over non-locals".
Meanwhile on Sunday, chief executive of the Hong Kong's Hospital Authority Leung Pak-yin said some public hospitals have stopped accepting bookings by mainland mothers wishing to give birth in the city.
Hong Kong has reduced its quota for the number of mainland women allowed to give birth in its public hospitals this year. Leung said the government has yet to set the quota for 2013 but emphasised there will be another reduction.
The government has come under pressure after doctors made a rare public call for a cap on the number of babies delivered in the city because resources for local mothers are being stretched.


101 East Al Jazeera: Hong Kong: Mainland Invasion
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2011 14:12
Hong Kong's health and education services are being stretched to the limit by demand from mainland China.

Hong Kong is in demand. Over 20 million tourists from mainland China visit there every year, while tens of thousands of expectant Chinese mothers cross the border to give birth.

Attracted by a Hong Kong passport, which gives more freedom to live, work and travel, Chinese demand for a slice of Hong Kong is boosting the local economy, but stretching the city's health and education sectors to the limit.

Now, Hong Kong residents are calling for an end to what they say is an "invasion" from the mainland.

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